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lua examples of lighttpd modules

mod_magnet with lua scripts can allow for customized alternatives to many lighttpd modules.
The following are simple examples to demonstrate, but are not full reimplementations.

(examples below use mod_magnet API since lighttpd 1.4.60)

lua mod_access

-- reject access to paths ending in ~ or .inc
local path = lighty.r.req_attr["uri.path"]
if (string.match(path, "~$") or string.match(path, "%.inc$")) then
  return 403
end

lua mod_alias

local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr
local path = req_attr["physical.path"]
if (not path) then return 0 end
local plen = path:len()
local basedir = req_attr["physical.basedir"]
local blen = basedir:len()
if (string.match(basedir, "/$")) then blen = blen - 1 end
if (0 == plen or plen < blen) then return 0 end
local url_fspath = string.sub(path, blen+1, -1)

-- remap /basedir/cgi-bin/ to alternative filesystem path
if (string.match(url_fspath, "^/cgi-bin/")) then
  -- prefix match and replacement should both end in slash ('/') or both not
  local match_len = 9 -- length of "/cgi-bin/" 
  req_attr["physical.basedir"] = "/var/www/servers/www.example.org/cgi-bin/" 
  req_attr["physical.path"] = "/var/www/servers/www.example.org/cgi-bin/" 
                           .. string.sub(url_fspath, match_len+1, -1)
end

lua mod_auth

-- There are many many many different ways to implement mod_auth.
-- This is a simplistic example of HTTP Basic auth.
-- Arbitrarily complex auth could be implemented in lua.

local realm = "secure" 
local r = lighty.r

function check_user_pass(user, pass)
  -- (trivially) hard-code valid username and password (and realm)
  -- (This should be replaced by something more appropriate for your system)
  -- (could be table or could be read from an external file or database or ...)
  -- (lighttpd mod_auth is much more advanced)
  if (realm == "secure" and user == "admin" and pass == "supersecretpass") then
    return true
  else
    return false
  end
end

function unauthorized()
  r.resp_header["WWW-Authenticate"] =
    'Basic realm="' .. realm .. '", charset="UTF-8"'
  return 401  -- 401 Unauthorized
end

local authorization = r.req_header["Authorization"]
if (not authorization) then return unauthorized() end

local b64auth = string.match(authorization, "^Basic%s+([%w+/=]+)")
if (not b64auth) then return unauthorized() end

-- base64 decode into username:password string
local auth = lighty.c.b64dec(b64auth)
if (not auth) then return unauthorized() end
local user, pass = string.match(auth, "^([^:]+):(.*)$")
if (not user) then return unauthorized() end

-- check authentication
if (not check_user_pass(user, pass)) return unauthorized() end

-- check authorization
-- (could see if authenticated user is authorized to access requested URI)

-- authenticated and (optionally) authorized
r.req_env["REMOTE_USER"] = user
r.req_env["AUTH_TYPE"] = "Basic" 

lua mod_dirlisting

local r = lighty.r
local path = r.req_attr["physical.path"]
-- check that path ends in '/'
if (not path or not string.match(path, "/$")) then
  return 0
end
-- check that path exists and is a directory
local st = lighty.c.stat(path)
if (not st or not st.is_dir) then
  return 0
end
-- list filenames in directory
for name in lighty.c.readdir(path) do r.resp_body:add({name, "\n"}) end
r.resp_header["Content-Type"] = "text/plain" 
return 200

lua mod_evhost

local server_root = "/var/www/servers/" 
local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr

local host = req_attr["uri.authority"]
if (not host) then return 0 end
local shard = string.match(host, "(%w)[^.]*%.[^.%]]+$")
if (not shard) then return 0 end

local docroot = server_root .. shard .. "/" .. host
local st = lighty.c.stat(docroot)
if (not st or not st.is_dir) then return 0 end

req_attr["physical.doc_root"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.basedir"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.path"] = docroot .. req_attr["physical.rel-path"]

lua mod_expire

local path = lighty.r.req_attr["physical.path"]
if (not path) then
  return 0
end
local suffix = string.match(path, "(%.[^./]*)$")
if (suffix == ".html") then
  lighty.r.resp_header["Cache-Control"] = "max-age=" .. (lighty.c.time()+300)
  return 0
end
if (suffix == ".css" or suffix == ".js") then
  lighty.r.resp_header["Cache-Control"] = "max-age=" .. (lighty.c.time()+3600)
  return 0
end
if (suffix == ".jpg") then
  lighty.r.resp_header["Cache-Control"] = "max-age=" .. (lighty.c.time()+86400)
  return 0
end

lua mod_extforward

local r = lighty.r
local req_header = r.req_header
local xffor = req_header["X-Forwarded-For"]
if (xffor) then
  local req_attr = r.req_attr
  req_attr["request.remote-addr"] = xffor
  local xfport = req_header["X-Forwarded-Port"]
  if (xfport) then req_attr["request.remote-port"] = xfport end
  local xfproto = req_header["X-Forwarded-Proto"]
  if (xfproto) then req_attr["uri.scheme"] = xfproto end
end

lua mod_flv_streaming

$HTTP["url"] =~ "\.flv$" {
  magnet.attract-physical-path-to = ("/path/to/flv-streaming.lua")
}

-- lua implementation of lighttpd mod_flv_streaming
--
-- Aside: it is baffling why FLV streaming is not simply an HTTP Range request
--
-- Potential (trivial) enhancements (exercise left to the reader):
-- - could call lighty.stat(lighty.env["physical.path"])
--   - check that file exists
--   - check start/end offsets

local r = lighty.r

-- check that target file ends in ".flv" 
-- (comment out; already checked in lighttpd.conf condition in sample conf)
--if (".flv" ~= string.sub(r.req_attr["physical.path"], -4)) then
--  return 0
--end

-- split the query-string and look for start and end offsets (0-based)
local qs = lighty.c.urldec_query(r.req_attr["query-string"])
if (qs["start"] == nil) then
  return 0
end
local start = tonumber(qs["start"])
local len = qs["end"] ~= nil and (tonumber(qs["end"]) + 1 - start) or -1
if (start <= 0) then  -- let other modules handle request (e.g. mod_staticfile)
  return 0
end

-- send FLV response
r.resp_header["Content-Type"] = "video/x-flv" 
r.resp_body:set({
  "FLV\1\1\0\0\0\9\0\0\0\9",  -- FLV header
  { filename = r.req_attr["physical.path"], offset = start, length = len }
})
return 200

lua mod_indexfile

local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr
local path = req_attr["physical.path"]
-- check that path ends in '/'
if (not path or not string.match(path, "/$")) then
  return 0
end
-- check for index.php then index.html
local indexfiles = { "index.php", "index.html" }
for _, file in ipairs(indexfiles) do
  if (lighty.c.stat(path .. file) then
    req_attr["physical.path"] = path .. file
    req_attr["uri.path"] = req_attr["uri.path"] .. file
    return 0 -- let mod_staticfile or other module handle the file
  end
done

lua mod_redirect

-- redirect http to https
if (lighty.r.req_attr["uri.scheme"] == "http") then
  local r = lighty.r
  r.resp_header["Location"] = "https://" 
                           .. r.req_attr["uri.authority"]
                           .. r.req_attr["request.uri"]
  return 302
end

lua mod_rewrite

-- redirect if file does not exist (not file, not directory, not anything else)
-- (This script must be called from magnet.attract-physical-path-to hook)
if (not lighty.c.stat(lighty.r.req_attr["physical.path"])) then
  local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr
  local query = req_attr["uri.query"]
  req_attr["request.uri"] = "/index.php?path=" 
                         .. req_attr["uri.path-raw"]
                         .. (query and ("&" .. query) or "")
  return lighty.REQUEST_RESTART
end

lua mod_secdownload

-- extract tokens from url-path
local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr
local mac, protected_path, tsstr, rel_path =
  string.match(req_attr["uri.path"], "^/download/([%w_-]+)(/(%x+)(/.*))$")
if (not mac) then return 0 end
local ts = tonumber(tsstr, 16)
if (not ts) then return 0 end

local li = lighty.c

-- validate timestamp
local timeout = 600 -- (10 mins) validity window
local t = li.time()
if (((t > ts) and (t - ts) or (ts - t)) > timeout) then
  return 410   -- 410 Gone; URI will never be valid again
end

-- validate MAC
local secret = "12345-bad-secret"  -- you MUST customize this
local hash = li.b64urlenc(li.hmac("sha256", secret, protected_path))
if (not li.digest_eq(hash, mac)) then
  return 403   -- 403 Forbidden
end

-- remap to alternative filesystem path
local doc_root = "/var/www/servers/www.example.org/download" 
req_attr["physical.doc_root"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.basedir"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.path"] = docroot .. rel_path
req_attr["physical.rel-path"] = rel_path
-- let mod_staticfile or other module handle the file

lua mod_setenv

-- examples
local r = lighty.r
r.req_header["DNT"] = "1" 
r.req_env["TMOUT"] = "3" 
r.resp_header["Cache-Control"] = "max-age=0" 

lua mod_simple_vhost

local server_root = "/var/www/servers/" 
local docroot = nil
local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr

local host = string.match(req_attr["uri.authority"], "^(%w[^:/]*)")
if (host) then
  docroot = server_root .. host
  local st = lighty.c.stat(docroot)
  if (not st or not st.is_dir) then
    docroot = nil
  end
end

if (not docroot) then -- set default docroot
  docroot = server_root .. "default.example.com" 
end

req_attr["physical.doc_root"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.basedir"] = docroot
req_attr["physical.path"] = docroot .. req_attr["physical.rel-path"]

lua mod_staticfile

local r = lighty.r
local path = r.req_attr["physical.path"]
local st = lighty.c.stat(path)
if (st and st.is_file) then
  r.resp_body:set({ { filename = path } })
  return 200
end

lua mod_userdir

local req_attr = lighty.r.req_attr
local user, relpath = string.match(req_attr["uri.path"], "^/~([^/]+)(/.*)?$")
if (user) then
  local basedir = "/u/" .. user .. "/web" 
  req_attr["physical.basedir"] = basedir
  req_attr["physical.path"] = basedir .. relpath
end

lua mod_usertrack

local cookies = lighty.c.cookie_tokens(lighty.r.req_header['Cookie'])
if (cookies["TRACKID"]) then return 0 end -- cookie already exists

-- create cookie
local li = lighty.c
local md = li.md("sha256", lighty.r.req_attr["uri.path"]
                           .. "+" .. tostring(li.time()) .. tostring(li.rand()))
local usertrack_cookie =
  "TRACKID=" .. md .. "; Path=/; Version=1; Domain=example.com; max-age=86400" 

local resp_header = lighty.r.resp_header
local set_cookie = resp_header["Set-Cookie"]
if (set_cookie) set_cookie = set_cookie .. "\r\nSet-Cookie: " 
resp_header["Set-Cookie"] = set_cookie .. usertrack_cookie

Updated by gstrauss 23 days ago · 6 revisions